By Lawrence Williams
The country dropped four places in its global ranking from 46th position in the previous year to 50th place in the current year, the 2022 Global Peace Index (GPI) shows.
On the sub-Saharan Africa ranking, the country fell from fourth place in 2021 to fifth place in 2022. As a result of the drop in both global and regional rankings, the country’s level of peacefulness has steadily decreased as compared to the previous year rankings. Between 2018 and 2022, the country’s standing has dropped 15 places on the overall GPI ranking and two places down on the regional ratings.
For ease of reference, we (Fritong Post) have compiled Sierra Leone’s GPI ratings from 2018 to 2022 using data from the Institute for Economics and Peace as shown in the table below.
|Year||Country||GPI Rank||GPI Score||Africa Rank|
The GPI says sub-Saharan Africa is less peaceful than the global average on the Safety and Security and Ongoing Conflict domains, but more peaceful than the global average on the Militarization domain. As the report reveals, coups, disputes over election results, and allegations of corruption have played a major role in the deterioration of peace in the region, leading to a rise in civil unrest and political instability. Mauritius is ranked the most peaceful country in the region whereas South Sudan is ranked the least peaceful country. A screenshot of the regional ranking is provided below.
The GPI further stated that the largest deterioration of peace in the region occurred in neighbouring Guinea following the overthrow of President Alpha Condé. The junta takeover in the country led to large deteriorations across all domains, with the most significant in the Ongoing Conflict and Militarisation domains.
The GPI also lists Sierra Leone in 7th position out of 35 countries with a Positive Peace deficit. 80 percent of countries on this list have recorded deteriorating trends in positive peace over the last decade, and they are most likely to experience increased violence over the next decade as their positive peace level continues to decline. A screenshot of the above list is shown below.
The GPI defines positive peace as the attitudes, institutions and structures that create and sustain peaceful societies. Individuals are evaluated on the basis of their attitude toward each other and their interactions with the institutions that support them in the Attitudes domain. While the Institutions domain measures the effectiveness, transparency and inclusiveness of society’s governance and administrative systems, the Structures domain measures the technological, scientific and economic foundations for social development.
Sierra Leone and other countries listed in the Positive Peace deficit category could suffer significant declines in the Attitudes domain of Positive Peace due to violent demonstrations, ethnic or tribal divisions, and government suppression of dissent. The report also emphasizes the potential for further disputes during and after elections, especially if the results are disputed. A screenshot of the trends or changes in positive peace deficits in the GPI over a decade is shown below.
The GPI is the world’s foremost instrument measuring peace around the globe. It ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness. Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has maintained since the inception of the GPI. Afghanistan, on the other hand, is ranked the least peaceful country in the world for the fifth consecutive year.
This year’s report presents the most comprehensive data-driven analysis to-date on trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies. It uses 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace across three domains: the level of societal Safety and Security; the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict; and the degree of Militarisation.